The first system used by Paynter teaching in the Civil Engineering Department at MIT
and first idea.
The Bond graph tool was first developed since 1961 at MIT, Boston, USA by Paynter ‘April, 24 , 1959)
Symbolism and rules development : Karnopp (university of California), Rosenberg (Michigan university), Jean Thoma (Waterloo)
Netherlands and France ( Alsthom)
France : Univ LyonI, INSA LYON, EC Lille, ESE Rennes, Univ. Mulhouse, Polytech'Lille, .....
University of London
University of Enshede (The Netherlands)
Univ. of Waterloo (Jean THOMA)
MIT, Michigan university
is used today by many industries for modeling analysis and control.
Automobile company : PSA, Renault
Nuclear company : EDF, CEA, GEC Alsthom
Electronic :Thomson, Aerospace company ....